Epl., Pitcher Sage, a shrub to over 1m tall from California with white or pink flowers; Lycopus australis R. Ex:-i.e. Subfamily 2. Androecium Stamens 4, with an occasional fifth posterior staminode, epipetalous, didynamous with generally the anterior pair longer, anthers 2-celled, longitudinally dehiscing, connective often well developed, necter-bearing discs often present between the stamens and the ovary. The family includes 260 genera and 3200 species of world wide distribution. In Ocimum, Coleus, Plectranthus etc. Is this an example of necrosis or apoptosis? TOS4. petals 5, gamopetalous imbricate, bilabiate, upper 2 lipped lower 3, usually differentiated into tube and limb. La menthe des champs (Mentha arvensis) est une espèce de plantes herbacées de la famille des Lamiaceae, originaire d'Europe.. L'espèce est semblable à une menthe originaire d'Amérique du Nord et d'Asie orientale, la Mentha canadensis, et reste souvent confondue avec celle-ci.Morphologiqement proche, elle se distingue par â¦ all the five petals forming the lower lip so that the corolla becomes one lipped. When a bilabiate calyx is present the arrangement of the sepals may be (1/4) as in Ocimum or (2/3) as in Calamintha. The leaves are typically simple and oppositely arranged; most are fragrant and contain volatile oils. Lamiaceae (order Lamiales) is a family of ﬂowering species, also known as the mint family . Tree habit is found in the Brazilian genus Hyptis and climbing habit in American species of Scutellaria. Sepals 5, gamosepalous, petaloid, bilabiate, (3/2) i.e. The flowers are quite distinct with upper and lower lips. 7. 3. Lamiaceae Family Common Name: Mint Family Scientific Names: Genus: Salvia Species: apiana Scientific ... Scientific SubAuthority: Authors: Mike Herrera; Janet Takara; Common Synonym: Genus: Species: Synonym Classification: Synonym SubSpecies: Species Authority: Synonym SubAuthority: Other Information: â¦ Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, quadrilocular, one ovule in each loculus, axile placentation; style gynobasic; stigma bifid, honey disc is present below the ovary. Very commonly verticillaster consisting of a pair of condensed dichasial cymes at each node; often the verticillasters are grouped together in a thyrsus form; rarely solitary (Scutellaria). Pedicellate or sessile, bracteate, complete, zygomorphic rarely actinomorphic (Mentha, Elsholtzia), hermaphrodite, rarely unisexual (Nepeta, Thymus), pentamerous hypogynous. Opposite decussate, rarely whorled, simple, petiolate or sessile, exstipulate, hairy with aromatic smell, entire, pinnatifid (Perovskia), unicostate reticulate venation. It is commonly called Mint family. Their absence or presence and their typology can be used as taxonomic markers in the infrageneric classification of some genera (Navarro & El Oualidi 2000; Moonet al. The Lamiaceae are commonly known as the mint family. Up to the Kingdom. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Lamiaceae. Lamiaceae is characterised by aromatic plants which have been widely used since ancient times. Ocimoideae. The flowers are quite distinct with upper and lower lips. Their peculiar floral structure calls for intricate pollination mechanisms that reflect a long history of adaptive coevolution between plants and pollinators . Sacred plant for Hindus; also used medicinally. Mentha piperata and Thymus serphyllum give Menthol and Thymol respectively, which are extensively used in medicines. seed endospermic e.g. The Lamiaceae (/ Ë l eÉª m i Ë eÉª s i aÉª,-iË / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e ) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. 18.6) and for the lower surface is 18.8-21.3 (mean 19.7) (Fig. Classification Glossary; HerbLink (Type Images) WeedAlert: Other PlantNET Sites: Other Data Sources: NEW SOUTH WALES FLORA ONLINE: Printable Page: Family Lamiaceae. The Lamiaceae members are characterized by their peculiar â¦ Sub-family 8. Ce â¦ There are about 230 Genera and about 7000 species. The largest genus in the Lamiaceae is Salvia. INTRODUCTION. Petals 5, gamopetalous, bilabiate (4/1), corolla tube short, upper lip of 4 petals and lower of 1 petal; pink, imbricate aestivation. Les Lamiaceae ou Labiatae, communément appelées Lamiacées, Labiacées ou Labiées, sont une importante famille de plantes dicotylédones qui comprend environ 6 000 espèces et près de 210 genres. Family 11 : Lamiaceae (LABIATAE) - characters ,economic importance , pattern in species and reproduction through Floral formula and floral diagram in mint family The â¦ e.g. Classification. Of the 150 tropical species of Ocimum, basil (O. basilicum) is perhaps the most well known; the plant is likely native to India but is cultivated as a culinary herb in other regions. There are about 350 species in the genus Thymus, all of which are Eurasian. The construction of the flower shows that the family is an advanced one among the gamopetalae. Prantlen, 1888-1897) placed Lamiaceae in the order Tubiflorae, followed by (Hallier, 1905; Wettstein 1924; Rendle, 1925 and Pulle, 1938). Learn all about marjoram, a close relative of oregano, in this video. Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.It is native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to southeast India.. The taxonomy rank is composed of 236 genera and 6900–7200 species, distributed all over the world . La plupart des participants de Canadensys ont transféré leurs données au domaine public.. Lamiaceae. Plants are mostly aromatic herbs or shrubs (Leonotis, Pogostemon). The biggest change involves the wholesale transfer of some 10 tribes and over 50 genera to the Lamiaceae ( Cantino et al., 1992 ). Important Types. Scrophulariaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Comparison among Acanthaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae, Asteraceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. Ex:- Two petals in the posterior upper lip and three in the anterior lower lip (Salvia, Nepeta, Leucas etc.). Engler, Hallier, Wettestein and Rendle placed the family in Tubiflorae. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e ) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. Tubers of Stachys sieboldi are edible. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. Opposite decussate, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, ovate, serrate, acute, hairy, unicostate reticulate. Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis) was once used as a curative herb. Sub-family 6. The Lamiaceae are commonly known as the mint family. Those with short tubes are pollinated by flies; slightly longer tubed flowers, e.g. Self-heal, or heal-all (Prunella vulgaris), provided another important source of herbal medicine. Stigma entire or minutely bifid. The flowers are usually arranged in clusters and feature two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals) with five-lobed bell-like calyxes (united sepals). Junell (1934), Erdtman (1945), Wunderlich (1967) and El-Gazzar and Watson (1970), all expressed dissatisfaction with traditional classifications of Lamiaceae (Lamiaceae), and with the circumscription of Lamiaceae relative to that of Verbenaceae sensu lato, based on very extensive comparative anatomical, palynological, phytochemical, morphological and host/parasite surveys. â¦ Stamens epipetalous, 4 or 2, free, rarely filaments connate, sometimes one staminodial; anther 1- or 2-celled, usually dehiscing â¦ Tap, branched, rarely adventitious (Mentha). Cultivated, branching herb, perennate by means of suckers. Scientific classification: â¢ Kingdom : Plantae â¢ Phylum : Angiosperms â¢ Class : Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledonae) â¢ Order : Lamiales â¢ Family : Lamiaceae (Mint Family) 17- subfamilies â¢ Genera : 236 â¢ â¦ Plants of the Lily Family Most showy monocot flowers with parts in threes belong to the Lily family or one of its allies. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Lamiaceae. Classification family Lamiaceae Abstract. Like 6 except that the stamens attached on the lower lip. The flowers are bilaterally symmetrical with 5 united petals, 5 united sepals. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs â¦ Lamiaceae, or Lamiales, also known as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons. Distribution of Lamiaceae 3. Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. When a tadpole turns into a frog, its tail shrinks and is reabsorbed. Like 6 except that the stamens attached on the lower lip. Aestivation in the petals is valvate or imbricate. The Kingdom Plantae is also called as kingdom Metaphyta. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, bilocular but becoming tetralocular, axile placentation, one ovule in each loculus; style gynobasic; stigma bifid. Plants in the lamiaceae have square stems. In Ocimum, Coleus, Plectranthus etc. The currently accepted version of Verbenaceae may not be more closely related to Lamiaceae … Betony (Stachys officinalis) was once regarded as a cure-all, and other plants of the genus Stachys, or the woundworts generally, had supposed value as folk remedies. Catopheriodideae. Same as above but stamens attached on the upper lip. e.g. Radicle curved lying against the cotyledons, e.g., Catophoria. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Aromatic procumbent shrub; yields oil of much medicinal importance. Woody undershrub with white pinkish flowers. Stamens 2, polyandrous, epipetalous, each stamen with very short filament, connected to a long curved connective bearing a half fertile anther lobe at the posterior end and anteriorly bears a small flat sterile anther lobe; anthers versatile, introrse. One of the 40 species of the African genus Leonotis, klip dagga, or lion’s ear (L. nepetifolia), is naturalized throughout the tropics; it has red-orange globe clusters of profuse flowers at the top of the 1- to 2-metre plants. Aromatic oil is extracted from Thymus, Lavandula (Lavender oil), Rosmarinus (Rosemary oil), Calamintha, Pogostemon etc. Apiaceae Plants of the Parsley or Carrot Family (Previously known as the Umbel Family: Umbelliferae) The Parsley Family includes some wonderful edible plants like the carrot and parsnip, plus more aromatic spices found in your spice cabinet, such as anise, celery, chervil, coriander, caraway, cumin, dill, fennel and of course, â¦ Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. Lamiaceae : Mint Family •The Lamiaceae or Labiatae (Previously called) are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or ocimum or sage family •This family members are commonly cultivated, not only for their aromatic abilities, but also their ease of … Pleione, 7(2), 473-488. Share Your PDF File Catnip, or catmint (Nepeta cataria), a Eurasian perennial, grows to about 1 metre (3.3 feet) and has downy heart-shaped leaves with an aroma that is stimulating to cats. PDF | On Jan 1, 2011, G. L. C. Bramley and others published Lamiaceae | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Share Your Word File Many of 32 insights into the systematics of Lamiaceae and Verbenaceae have been confirmed in studies of the Lamiaceae but have not been tested in the remaining Verbenaceae. Among the approximately 100 species of the genus Phlomis is Jerusalem sage (P. tuberosa), which rises to almost 2 metres (6.5 feet) and has clusters of purple flowers. Members are a source of essential oils for the flavouring and perfume industries, for example the widely cultivated lavender, two petals in the posterior upper lip and three in the anterior lower lip (Salvia, Nepeta, Leucas etc.). After reading article you will learn about: 1. Leaves exstipulate, opposite or whorled. Which part of the male reproductive system store the sperm? Corrections? 2. The corolla possesses a tubular base which widens towards the mouth. Sepals 5, gamosepalous, bilabiate (1/4), posterior or upper lip broad and lower or anterior lip with small sepals; gland dotted, violet green, imbricate aestivation. The types of insects visiting these flowers have a remarkable correspondence with the length of the corolla tube. We report the chromosome-scale genome assembly of Callicarpa americana L. (American beautyberry), a species within the early-diverging Callicarpoideae clade of Lamiaceae, known for its metallic purple fruits and use as an insect repellent due to its production of terpenoids. Corolla more or less disguisedly 5 (usually with no clear indication of individual petals — commonly with five lobes, but usually with the bilabiate condition superimposed, and the five lobes variously secondarily lobed, reduced or suppressed), or 4 (occasionally, ostensibly, e.g. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. 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